Learn about Emphysema
Emphysema can be defined as a lung disease, which is mainly distinguished by breathing shortness. People with lung diseases suffer with COPD, which has chronic bronchitis and emphysema as major diseases. Air is inhaled through windpipe to bronchi and the exchange of gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) takes place through alveoli (air sacs). Oxygen molecules move across thin moisture filming from air sacs and enter the bloodstream. Blood enters towards major body organs (primarily to heart) and is pumped to the whole body. Along with this procedure, carbon dioxide in blood gets through capillaries to air sacs by the use of moisture filming. Carbon dioxide is exhaled from the body.
What happens to Emphysema patients?
When a person is suffering with emphysema, alveoli and lung tissues get damaged and there is also degradation of lung tissues, which makes uneasiness to breathe properly. With this, there is improper supply of oxygen to body parts, which creates many other problems. Bronchi are elastic in nature and with exposure to pollutants, smoke or irritants; they lose their elasticity. Oxygen exchange becomes difficult, which leads to several problems in the body.
There are many people who get emphysema and chronic bronchitis together and that is the worst problem as there are multiple problems arising and lung capacity also decreases. The quantity of capillaries keeps on reducing over time, which makes a person to get insufficient oxygen amounts in the body. Patients might feel suffocated over time and the main concept is not to panic and remain calm in this condition.
Cigarette smoking is a major cause of emphysema origination in a patient. They might also get the disease due to pollutants or exposure to industrial chemicals. Some people also have genetic AAT deficiency, which can cause emphysema. There is no way to heal or regenerate the damaged lung tissues.
Common Emphysema symptoms
- Breathless feeling during exertion or exercising
- Chest tightness
- Fast breathing
- Sputum with cough
- Excessive cough
- Expansion of lung size
- Grayish tinge of skin due to oxygen deficiency
Emphysema Treatments & Preventions
- Quit smoking completely and immediately
- Medications for allergic patients
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Antibiotics for clearing infection in lungs
- Techniques to manage stresses
- Healthy and balanced diet
- Regular vaccinations against respiratory problems
- Breathing exercises to increase breathing capacity
- Portable oxygen supply
- Various respiratory rehabilitation programs
What if you are diagnosed with Emphysema?
If you are diagnosed with Emphysema disease, it would be better to go to a lung specialist and talk about the solution for your problems. The doctor will diagnose your stage of disease and enable you to get best guidance. You will get latest facts on the lung disease and understand some effective ways to prevent further deterioration of lungs. It is important to take care of your heath by taking medications, adopting prevention and some home remedies to get rid of Emphysema growth.