Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis are related to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases. There are many cases in which these diseases occur collectively and are given the name of combinational COPD. There are different causes for everyone to get these diseases.
COPD affects millions of people and about 17 million Americans are affected by this disease. These problems mainly occur in men than women, because there are more men smoking on regular basis than women. Moreover, the habit of heavily smoking prevails in men for most of the cases. Chronic Bronchitis and emphysema might produce combinational symptoms like deep coughing, shortness of breath and many other issues related to lung disorders. The disease is incurable and the lungs once damaged can’t be restored into their original form.
What causes Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis?
There are many factors contributing to COPD. Cigarette smoking is one of the renowned factors for getting lungs infection. Apart from it, pollution, allergens, chemical fumes, industrial exposure and other things might contribute in origination of disease. Airways can get exposure to disease-causing organisms, cause inflammation and destroy air sacs. There can be fibrous growth in bronchial tissues and a person might start feeling uncomfortable in carrying out their daily activities. Emphysema might also be caused due to hereditary factors.
Symptoms of Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis
A person having chronic bronchitis or emphysema is mostly a smoker having mid or old age. They start feeling low and breathless even while doing routine activities. These problems can worsen with age and level of disease. It can cause tough breathing problems and chest tightening. Chronic coughing is also a possible symptom for chronic bronchitis patients. There can be oxygen deficiency in blood, which makes a person feel fatigued and short of oxygen while doing daily tasks. If these diseases are advanced, chronic bronchitis and emphysema might cause deformity in chest, disability in body parts, respiratory failure, heart enlargement and in extreme cases, the problems might lead to death.
Diagnosis & Treatment of COPD
As soon as your physician detects COPD, they will give you a few examinations to be done to check your pulmonary functioning.
The aim behind taking COPD treatments is to relieve symptoms of disease. These diseases are progressive in nature and need proper treatment to get compliance with various therapies. There are various rehabilitation programs available for curing pulmonary diseases.
Following are the necessary preventive measures taken for treatment of COPD:
- Quit smoking completely and avoid other sources of irritants.
- Install humidifiers and air conditioners to feel better.
- Complete antibiotics course to get rid of the problem completely.
- Do deep breathing and other respiratory exercises to feel better and strengthen your lung muscles.
- Practice best oral hygiene to get rid of infection sources. Don’t ignore, if you have any infection related to oral problems.
- Consume balanced diet.
- Make sure to rest several times in a day to avoid exertion.
- Oxygen therapy through portable equipments is a good way to get proper and easy breathing.
- Remove secretions after coughing and avoid taking the infected sputum inside your body. Drink about 8-10 glasses of water every day to avoid dehydration for effective emphysema treatment.