Emphysema is a lung disease, which can cause various health issues, like breathlessness, coughing or chest pain. There are many cases in which the disease mutually takes place with chronic bronchitis and these Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases worsen the condition of patients.
Lungs work for getting air in and out through windpipe towards alveoli, which is mainly responsible for exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Oxygen molecules can move across moisture film from air sacs, which then turn into bloodstream. Carbon dioxide inside blood crosses from these capillaries to air sacs by using same moisture film. Carbon dioxide is breathed out through nose or mouth. People suffering from emphysema get damaged alveoli or bronchial tubes. As the disease grows in scope, there is not adequate oxygen supplied to various organs of body and there is a discomfort in normal breathing. Bronchi are elastic in nature and repetitive exposure to chemicals and toxic elements can affect alveoli and bronchioles. The exchange of gases becomes tough.
The main cause of disease is cigarette smoking, long term exposure to occupational pollutants or genetic disorder. There is practically no reversibility of this condition as lungs once damaged, can’t be cured in any way.
Major Symptoms of Emphysema:
- Shortness of breath rarely in the beginning and all the time during later stages
- Chest infections or tightness
- Sputum production with chronic bronchitis
- Fatigue and tiredness
- Excess coughing
- Greyish blue lips or body parts due to lesser supply of oxygen
- Lungs expansion
Emphysema infected patients are likely to get repetitive lung infections and pneumonia symptoms, lung collapsing, heart problems and oxygen shortage in blood.
What to do Next
As soon as a patient is diagnosed with Emphysema, they should start the treatment procedures, like:
- Quit smoking completely
- Medications to reduce puffing and widen airways
- Antibiotics to clear infection
- Anti inflammatory medications and decongestants
- Oxygen treatment
- Regular vaccinations against influenza or related respiratory infections
- Exercising to improve overall fitness of body
- Respiratory rehabilitation program
- Healthy and balanced diet to build stronger immunity
If your doctor diagnoses you with emphysema, it would be great to talk to your doctor about rehabilitation programs available. You can get many ways from medical professionals, who can guide you better to give a solution to your programs. You should get well-researched information about keeping up-to-date for lung diseases and effective management of these programs. You can also view more information at emphysema stages and emphysema treatment pages.